The Church: An Organic Picture of Its Life

by Robert Brow


1 Robinson, Honest to God (Philadelphia: Westminster, 1963).

2 See also William Kilbourn (ed.), The Restless Church: A Response to The Comfortable Pew, introduction.

3 Why the Sea is Boiling Hot: A Symposium for the Church and the World..

4 October 1967 Third World Congress for the Lay Apostolate. In the same Canadian tradition of The Comfortable Pew is Paul T. Harris (ed.), Brief to the Bishops: Canadian Catholic Laymen Speak Their Minds.

5 The original identity of elders and bishops was demonstrated by Bishop J.B. Lightfoot in the appendix on "The Christian Ministry," Saint Paul's Epistle to the Philippians, pp. 181-269.

6 See Isaac Levy, The Synagogue: Its History and Function.

7 The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church gives basic information and bibliography for each of these.

8 For evidence that theological reasons are a minor explanation of our denominations, see H. Richard Niebuhr, The Social Sources of Denominationalism.

9 Basically the question is whether ihe act is a reordination, or a full mutual acceptance, or as in South India a provisional acceptance on the understanding that all future ordinations will be by bishops in the apostolic succession.

10 Uniat churches such as the Maronites, Antiochene Syrians, Alexandrine Copts, and various Byzantine groups retain their language, rites, and canon law undcr their own bishops in full communion with the Church of Rome. (See Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church under "Uniat.")

11 In South America the Pentecostalists have already outstripped the other Protestant groups, and in some areas they challenge the Roman churches in effective membership.

12 Roland Allen, St. Paul's Missionary Methods or Ours? and The Spontaneous Expansion of the Church.

13 Donald McGavran, The Bridges of God; How Churches Grow; and Church Growth Bulletin.

14 J.W. Pickett, Christian Mass Movements in India.

15 See Stephen Neill, A History of Christian Missions.

16 For further discussion, see Pierre Marcel, The Biblical Doctrine of Infant Baptism.

17 The first meaning of the Greek verb proistemi is "to be at the head, to rule, to direct." The RSV has wrongly taken the second meaning, "to be concerned, to give aid," which duplicates the previous gift. See under proistemi in W. F. Arndt and F. W. Gingrich, A Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament (Chicago: University of Chicago, 1957).

18 Eph. 4:3. Paul's stress on unity comes wherever he mentions the variety of gifts: Eph. 4:3-12, Rom. 12:3-8, 1 Cor. 12:4-26.

19 Acts 2:4 (Jerusalem); 10:45-47 (Caesarea); 19:2-6 (Ephesus); Mark 16:17 (in the ending of Mark not accepted as genuine by most scholars).

20 The year 1906 is usually counted as the date of the beginning of the Pentecostal movement, The first officially organized Pentecostal denomination was the Elim Four Square Gospel Alliance in 1915.

21 Marshall McLuhan, The Gutenberg Galaxy and Understanding Media.

22 A common Hebrew name for a prophet.

23 Isaiah 41:22, 23, 26, 27; 42:9; 43:9-l2; 44:7, 8; 45:21; 46:10, 11; 48:3-5, 14, 16 are all nonsensical unless God does in fact control history and can predict in advance what is to happen.

24 Compare, for example, Ezek. 3:15; 8:1; 11:1.

25 This is the New Testament Greek word for encouragement, but it includes much more than our "encouraging word."

26 Thomas M. Lindsay, The Church and the Ministry in the Early Centuries, pp. 72, 73.

27 A.D. 100-130; for further information see The Apostolic Fathers, ed. J. B. Lightfoot.

28 Ephesians 4:1 1 distinguishes this as a gift separate froni leachin Acts 21:8 mentions Philip as an evangelist, and Acts 9 illustrates his work in Samaria and with the Ethiopian.

29 C. H. Dodd, The Apostolic Preaching and Its Development.

30 Exod. 4:29; Deut. 1:13; 19:12; 1 Kings 8: I; Ezek. 20: 1.

31 In I Cor. 12:28 kuberneseis means administrators. The RSV translation, "he who gives aid," in Rom, 12:8 is the second meaning of proistamenos, which should be translated "the one who ruled, directs, or manages" as in AV and RV.

32 Acts 6:3. As pointed out on page 16, these men are elders, not deacons. Seven was natural for a group of elders, since Josephus tells us that villages were governed by seven men (Antiquities iv. 8.14, 38), just as in India they are still governed by a group of five men (panch). The function of deacons is discussed in the next chapter.

33 Dissertation I in Saint Paul's Epistle to the Philippians.

34 This is included as a note at the end of the King James Version of II Timothy.

35 Gibbs and Morton, God's Frozen People, p.162.

36 See Acts 14:14; Rom. 16:7; II Cor. 11:5, 13.

37 See for example the otherwise first-class treatments by the Maryknoll Fathers, The Modern Mission Apostolate, ed. William J. Richardson; and Joseph A. Grassi, A World To Win: The Missionary Methods of Paul the Apostle. Both these books use the word apostola:e, but never define the aposlie's function in relation to diocesan bishops.

38 The Roman Catholic Apocrypha was never in Hebrew, never quoted in the New Testament, and never adopted as canonical by the Jewish Council of Jamnia which settled the Old Testament canon for ever. The addition of the Apocrypha from the Alexandrian Septuagint Greek version is an accident of history, but it does not affect the absolute agreement concerning all the books of the Hebrew Old Testament.

39 David Daube, The New Testament and Rabbinic Judaism, pp. 207-208.

40 See Acts 9:17; 28:8; 8:15-17; 19:6; 13:3; I Timothy 4:14; II Timothy 1:6.

41 See Gal. 1:7-9; II Cor. 11:13-15; II Pet. 2:1-3; 3:17; I John 2:18-23;4:1-3; II John 7-11.

42 Acts 14:23; see Roland Allen, Missionary Methods: St. Paul's or Ours?

43 Again using one of McLuhan's categories. See Understanding Media.